Labour Law for Midi-Jobbers in Germany

by Jibran Shahid

“Gleitzone”, also known as midi job, is a widely utilized employment arrangement in Germany. This concept was introduced by the German federal government in 2003 to address the potential disadvantages faced by individuals who earn slightly more than the threshold for insurance-free mini-jobs. This blog post will guide you through the intricacies of midi jobs in Germany, providing all the information you need to know.

What are midi jobs?

Midi job denotes a form of marginal work that serves as a kind of transitional area. In other words, increasing social contribution obligations and variable Steuersatz (tax rates). The salary package for a midi jobber usually ranges from €520.01 to €2,000.00.

The term “Gleitzone” directly correlates with the sliding contribution scale applied to this specific type of employment. Under this arrangement, employees contribute a modest portion of their earnings to the social security system.

One significant advantage of Midi-Jobs is that they come with comprehensive coverage for health insurance, sick leave, unemployment benefits, and pension plans. However, when the monthly salary surpasses €909, employees must cover the entire social insurance amount.

In addition, reduced employee contributions are paid up to the amount of the upper limit of the permitted earnings. This prevents lower Rentenleistungen (pension benefits) from being the result of reduced pension contributions. However, income and payroll tax (Lohnsteuer and Einkommensteuer) must be paid.

Who can work as a midi jobber?

In general, midi jobs are open to anyone who is legally authorized to work in Germany – this includes international students.

However, you will need to ensure the hours worked do not conflict with your student visa restrictions. Keep in mind, that according to student visa requirements, no more than 120 full or 240 half days may be worked in a calendar year. By working illegally, many foreigners end up violating them. Workers can also be occasionally deported if they break the law, don’t pay taxes, or don’t have the proper paperwork for their employment. It is important to note though that the employer is also responsible for adhering to the law. 

What are the differences between a mini and a midi job?

You might wonder if the mini-job and midi-job are the same. Here are the differences:

Mini Job
  • Monthly salary cannot exceed
  • Net Salary is equal to Gross Salary
  • Mini-jobbers are exempted from contributing to social security. They are also exempted from paying for
    long-term care and unemployment insurance. On request, you can also be
    exempted from the pension insurance. You have the same labor rights as other employees if you work a mini-job.
Midi Job
  • Monthly salary: €520.01-2,000.00 
  • Net Salary is equal to Gross Salary after deducting social contributions
  • A midi-job is subject to social security contributions as compared to a mini-job. Those with midi-jobs contribute less to pension, health, nursing, and unemployment insurance. So, midi-jobbers, too, have a right to pension protection.
What are the advantages of midi jobs?
  1. You’ll contribute less to Social Security as a midi jobber while still receiving your full pension.
  2. Midi-jobber income tax is only payable in certain circumstances. If you only have a midi job and fall into tax categories 1, 2, or 4, you will not have to pay income tax if your annual income does not exceed €10,908 per year (as per 2023). Regardless of what income you generate, if it’s your only job, you won’t pay any taxes if you’re in the tax bracket.
  3. You’ll immediately fall into tax bracket 6 if it’s your second job. You’ll pay income tax accordingly, with any other circumstances that place you in tax brackets 5 or 6. 
  4. You still have full coverage and pay less for health and long-term care insurance. Even if you pay a lower unemployment insurance rate, you’ll still receive 60% of your average net earnings for the previous 12 months (or 67% if you have children) if you’ve worked at a regular job for at least 12 months in a row.
How do I get a midi job in Germany?

Finding a decent midi job in Germany might seem like a task, but here’s what you can do to ease your search. First and foremost, the best platform for finding good jobs is LinkedIn. It is one of the best sources available and can help you get a midi job.

Secondly, if you are a student visiting on a student visa, you can check your university’s student union and get your hands on a midi job that pays a modest amount. 

Lastly, if you belong to the working adult class, you can watch for local postings using regional forums, as they are a great resource and come in handy.


In short, midi jobs are a middle way between working a full-time and mini job. The only difference that appears is the tax and social contribution fee between the two kinds of employment. Midi jobbers have an increased financial freedom compared to mini jobbers, so getting one might be a great opportunity for international students.

Jibran Shahid is from Pakistan. He came to Germany to pursue a Master’s degree in Renewable Energy Engineering and Management, which he successfully completed in 2016. In 2022, he founded Live In Germany, an information platform for expats in Germany.


The Future of Jobs in Germany

by Aarushi Goel

Hunting for a job as an international student in Germany might seem like an endless challenge. Generally, it can take anywhere from six months to a year to land that perfect job where you can excel and grow. Sometimes, even securing an interview can take just as long. Nevertheless, the attractive labor laws and perks of working in Germany serve as powerful incentives for current students seeking employment – whether it’s a part-time gig during their studies or the first step in their post-graduation career journey.

The landscape of employment in Germany is evolving rapidly. With advancements in technology, changing consumer behavior, and global economic shifts, the job market in Germany is experiencing significant transformation. 

In this blog, we’ll explore the top working fields that are currently thriving in Germany and provide promising opportunities for beginners to intermediate job seekers in 2024.

1. Technology

Unsurprisingly, the IT and software development sector continues to thrive in Germany. As the world becomes increasingly digital, companies across industries are seeking IT professionals to develop, maintain, and optimize their technological infrastructure. From junior programmers to software engineers, opportunities abound for those with the right skill set. Here are some sub-sectors that may be particularly interesting: 

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning

As AI and machine learning technologies continue to advance, professionals in this sector are in high demand. Roles such as data scientists, AI engineers, and machine learning specialists are essential for companies looking to harness the power of AI for business growth.

E-Commerce and Digital Marketing

The rise of e-commerce and online business models has led to an increased need for digital marketing experts. From social media managers to e-commerce strategists, companies are seeking individuals who can effectively navigate the digital landscape and drive online sales. 


With the increasing frequency of cyber threats, the demand for cybersecurity experts is soaring. Beginner-level roles in cybersecurity operations, risk assessment, and network security provide a foot in the door for those interested in this vital field.


Germany’s financial sector is experiencing a wave of innovation through FinTech startups. As these companies disrupt traditional banking and finance, they offer numerous job opportunities, including roles in digital payments, financial analysis, and blockchain technology.

2. Sustainability

Climate change requires all of us to be more sustainable. This applies not only to individuals but to companies across all industries. As such this working field requires more specialized employees. The two sub-sectors that will be of particular interest are: 

Renewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability

Germany’s commitment to renewable energy and environmental sustainability has created a surge in demand for professionals in this sector. From solar and wind energy technicians to sustainability consultants, this field offers not only fulfilling work but also a chance to contribute to a greener future.

E-Mobility and Automotive Technology

The automotive industry is undergoing a significant shift towards electric mobility. This transition has created openings for individuals with skills in electric vehicle technology, battery engineering, and infrastructure development.

3. Health Care

Today, more than a quarter of people in Germany are aged 60 and over. By 2050, this figure will already have risen to more than a third, thus increasing the demands of the ongoing healthcare advancements. This makes the healthcare sector a stable source of employment. Opportunities range from nursing and caregiving roles to positions in medical technology, data analysis, and telemedicine. A related and equally important field will also likely see an increase in workforce demand: 

Biotechnology and Pharmaceuticals

Germany’s strong biotech and pharmaceutical sectors continue to thrive, offering opportunities for research assistants, laboratory technicians, and regulatory affairs specialists.

Within Germany, the job market is a dynamic realm brimming with possibilities for both entry-level and mid-level job seekers. Yet, it’s essential for aspiring job hunters to embrace the competitive nature and multifaceted selection process. Adapting to evolving strategies, resume formats, and application platforms is the key. Equally important is the cultivation of a strong professional network and a willingness to embrace all potential opportunities that come one’s way.

The insights in this blog are based on information from the World Economic Forum’s article on essential future work skills.

Aarushi Goel is Head of Network at DEGIS. She is from India and decided to pursue a Master’s degree in mathematics in Germany. 


Tips for a Succesful Career in Saxony

by Pranavi Sai

Over the past few years, there has been a decline in the working-age population in Germany. With the skilled working force – particularly the baby boomers – starting to retire, the country is in need of people who can replace them with either higher level or mirrored skill sets.

The repercussions of the reduced workforce can lead to increased participation of older workers, not having enough time to upskill, and increased responsibilities on the existing workers, to name a few. Hence, Germany is always on the lookout for new measures to increase the number of skilled workers within the country through various means.

Government Initiatives

There are government-run programs like Make it in Germany which is an online platform providing information to international talents interested in coming to Germany on a job opportunities, demanded skill sets, visa requirements, practical tips on living in Germany and similar others.

Another well-known project is the Hand in Hand for International Talents which focuses on employing foreign talents from countries like Brazil, India, and Vietnam in small and medium-sized companies in Germany. The project takes care of the complete coordination between the companies and the talents including a selection of suitable candidates, the matching process, initiation, and support throughout the professional recognition process, arrangement of the German language courses to assist with visa and entry.

Community Initiatives

We then have communities like IAD (Indian Association Dresden), which help their respective country nationals coming to Germany, particularly to Dresden, with comfortable moving, familiarizing them with the city, and its culture, connecting them with another fellow country nationals to build their social network and arrange various events to keep the cultural spark alive. 

DEGIS (The German Association of International Students) is another great example that works in the capacity of an NGO connecting international students from all over Germany and offering them space to discuss different aspects of a community like politics, society, business, technology, education, and by organizing events, network parties, seminars, and receptions for them. They also arrange workshops that help these students navigate through day-to-day life and unemployment in Germany.

Company Initiatives

Last but not least, companies like intap network provide an all-rounded approach to above-mentioned initiatives by connecting highly qualified international talents with the local industry in Saxony. It does it through its unconventional and varied networking and recruiting event formats (both in-person and virtual) that enable the companies and the talents to network in a comfortable environment. It also conducts regular workshops and coaching sessions for talents helping them acquaint themselves with the local industry and job market in Saxony. This eventually helps talents prepare themselves better for the job market.

It is generally not easy for any international to sail through life in a different country. But initiatives, programs/projects, and companies like these aim to make it easy and slowly bring a sense of belonging after the transition.

Pranavi Sai is from India. She is pursuing her Master’s degree in Distributed Systems Engineering at TU Dresden. Furthermore, she is employed as a working student at intap network.